Architecture And Design Help the Brain to Recover

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How does the hospital environment affect our rehabilitation? New research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, into how the space around us affects the brain reveals that well-planned architecture, design and sensory stimulation increase patients’ ability to recover both physically and mentally. Digital textiles and multisensory spaces can make rehabilitation more effective and reduce the amount of time spent in care.

In an interdisciplinary research project, Kristina Sahlqvist has used research into the recovery of the brain to examine how hospitals can create better environments for rehabilitation.

“We want to help patients to get involved in their rehabilitation, a side effect of which can be an improvement in self-confidence,” says Sahlqvist, interior architect and researcher at the University of Gothenburg’s School of Design and Crafts (HDK).

The project drew on all the expertise used on a ward, with input from neurologists, rehabilitation doctors, nurses, psychologists, occupational therapists and physiotherapists. The result is a conceptual solution for an optimal rehabilitation ward.

“Our concept gives the ward a spatial heart, for example, where patients and their families can prepare food and eat together, which allows for a more normal way of spending time together in a hospital environment,” says Sahlqvist.

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In tandem with her research work, she has teamed up with a designer and researcher at the Swedish School of Textiles in Borås on an artistic development project where they redesigned furniture, developed easy-grip cups and cutlery and used smart textiles, in other words textiles with technology embedded in them. The concept includes a table and chairs, a rug and a muff with integral heating, a cardigan with speakers and a soft bracelet that is also a remote control.

In order to measure and test the research theories Sahlgrenska University Hospital will be developing an intensive care room featuring multimodal stimulation, where all the senses are affected. The work involves an architect, doctors, hospital staff, musicians, a designer, an acoustician and a cognition specialist. In a bid to see what kind of results the environment can produce in practice, the researchers will take account of the entire social situation of patients, family and staff.

There are other interesting tricks in the field of neuroarchitecture, where it is possible, for example, to use spatial expressions to improve learning. Although these are currently used predominantly in schools, they could also have potential for the elderly.

“It’s worth wondering why there are so many educational models for preschool children but so few for the elderly. Many old people need a far more stimulating environment than they have at the moment,” says Sahlqvist.

Date: November 3, 2011
Source: University of Gothenburg
Release from University of Gothenburg

建筑和设计帮助大脑恢复

发布日期:2011年11月2日。
哥德堡大学发布 

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医院环境如何影响我们的康复? 瑞典哥德堡大学的最新研究发现,我们周围的空间如何影响大脑,显示出精心策划的建筑,设计和感官刺激可以提高患者身心恢复的能力。 数字纺织品和多感官空间可以使康复更有效,并减少花费在护理上的时间。

在一个跨学科研究项目中,Kristina Sahlqvist利用大脑恢复研究来研究医院如何创造更好的康复环境。

哥德堡大学设计与工艺学院(HDK)室内设计师兼研究员Sahlqvist说:“我们希望帮助患者参与康复治疗,其副作用可以提高自信心。

该项目利用了病房的所有专业知识,由神经科医生,康复医生,护士,心理学家,职业治疗师和物理治疗师提供投入。 结果是最佳康复病房的概念性解决方案。

Sahlqvist说:“我们的理念给病房提供了一个空间的心脏,例如,病人和他们的家人可以一起准备食物和一起吃饭,这样可以在医院环境中更加正常地花时间在一起。

在她的研究工作的同时,她与布罗斯的瑞典纺织学院的一位设计师和研究员合作开展了一个艺术发展项目,重新设计了家具,开发了易握杯子和餐具,并使用了智能纺织品,换句话说纺织品其中嵌入了技术。 这个概念包括一张桌子和椅子,一个地毯和一个带有整体加热装置的手套,一个带扬声器的开襟衫和一个也是遥控器的软手镯。

为了衡量和测试研究理论,萨尔格林斯卡大学医院将开发一个以多模式刺激为特征的重症监护室,所有感官都受到影响。 这项工作涉及建筑师,医生,医院工作人员,音乐家,设计师,声学家和认知专家。 为了研究环境在实践中能产生怎样的结果,研究人员将考虑患者,家属和工作人员的整个社会状况。

在神经体系结构领域还有其他一些有趣的技巧,例如使用空间表达来改善学习。 虽然这些目前主要用于学校,但也可能对老年人有潜力。

Sahlqvist表示:“值得一提的是,为什么学龄前儿童的教育模式如此之多,而老年人的教育模式却很少。许多老年人需要的环境比现在更为刺激。

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